Sensitivity analysis of the dynamic response of an electronic fuel injector regarding fuel properties and operating conditions
Electronic fuel injectors play an indispensable role in High Pressure Common Rail (HPCR) fuel injection systems and interest numerous researchers to improve their performance. This paper investigates the sensitivity of three fuel properties (the fuel density, bulk modulus and absolute viscosity) to the valve opening/closing delay and the valve opening/closing time.
Performance of diﬀerent optimization concepts for reactive ﬂow systems based on combined CFD and response surface methods
Optimization of reactive flow systems, e.g. coal and biomass combustion, gasification or partial oxidation, is usually a multi-parameter problem, while geometry configurations (e.g. reactor dimensions, burner dimensions) and operating conditions (e.g. fuel mass flow, reactor temperature, cooling capability) mainly determine the process efficiency and profitability.
Field Analysis and Multi-objective Design Optimization of E-Core Transverse-Flux Permanent Magnet Linear Motor
Linear motor can drive linear load directly without the rotary-to-linear conversion as needed for its counterpart rotary motor, which have the advantages of high acceleration, high precision and high operating life. Transverse-flux permanent magnet linear motor (TFPMLM) enjoys the additional merits resulting from the transverse-flux structure, such as high force density, high fault-tolerant ability and electromagnetic decoupling. However, the TFPMLM always features a complicate structure and suffers from large magnetic flux leakage. nalyzing the motor efficiently and accurately is one of the key factors for motor’s optimal design.
A methodology for performance robustness assessment of low-energy
Uncertainties in building operation and external factors such as occupant behavior, climate change, policy changes etc. impact building performance, resulting in possible performance deviation during operation compared to the predicted performance in the design phase. The probability of occurrences of these uncertainties are usually unknown and hence, scenarios are essential to assess the performance robustness of buildings.
Optimizing Seat Belt and Airbag Designs for Rear Seat Occupant Protection in Frontal Crashes
Recent field data have shown that the occupant protection in vehicle rear seats failed to keep pace with advances in the front seats likely due to the lack of advanced safety technologies. The objective of this study was to optimize advanced restraint systems for protecting rear seat occupants with a range of body sizes under different frontal crash pulses.
Damage characterization of aluminum 2024 thin sheet for different stress triaxialities
Due to its attractive mechanical properties, aluminum 2024 is widely used in aircraft manufacturing industries, especially as fiber metal laminates, such as GLARE. In the present work, a series of experiments for different stress triaxialities are used to study the ductile damage of Al 2024 considering continuum damage mechanics (CDM).
Multi-objective Optimization of A-Class Catamaran Foils Adopting a Geometric Parameterization Based on RBF Mesh Morphing
The design of sailing boats appendages requires taking in consideration a large amount of design variables and diverse sailing conditions. The operative conditions of dagger boards depend on the equilibrium of the forces and moments acting on the system. This equilibrium has to be considered when designing modern fast foiling catamarans, where the appendages accomplish both the tasks of lifting up the boat and to make possible the upwind sailing by balancing the sail side force. In this scenario, the foil performing in all conditions has to be defined as a trade-off among contrasting needs.
Multiobjective sizing optimization of seismic isolated reinforced concrete structures
A well-designed base isolation system can largely reduce seismic loadings transferred to the superstructure and it not only enables to immediately reduce the superstructure building cost, but also to reduce the maintenance costs incurred after every earthquake during the building lifetime. To better understand these factors, this paper presents an efficient numerical optimization technique for comparing the responses of a base-isolated and a traditional fixed-base reinforced concrete ordinary building under the same type of solicitations and seismic spectra, as appropriate for each case.
Design and simulation of additive manufactured structures of three component composite material
Lattice structures have become widespread in many areas. Their obvious advantage is the light weight and significant cost savings of a material. Application of unidirectional composite materials allows preserve the exceptional strength properties of composites in construction regardless of the loading direction. For this reason, the lattice composite structures are actively used in the aerospace industry. The goal of this work is the study of the property change of lattice structures of three component composite materials depending on their parameters, as well as the determination of optimal configurations of these structures.
Bladelets Winglets on Blades of Wind Turbines A Multiobjective Design Optimization Study
Although much work has been reported on design of winglets on airplane wings, , the volume of published efforts to design bladelets (winglets at the tips of the wind turbine blades) for rotating lifting surfaces is still very limited. This work investigated the effectiveness of bladelets on the tips of wind turbines on increasing wind turbine rotor power output.