A modular framework for the analysis and optimization of power generation systems with CCS
A significant number of efforts are underway to develop and assess technologies that will lead to technically and economically viable routes to reduce the CO2 emissions of fossil energy systems, particularly coal-fired power plants. Developing technologies to reduce emissions from these sources is essential for controlling atmospheric levels of CO2 because of the widespread reliance on coal as an inexpensive and abundant energy source. Two major systems-level design challenges exist. The first is how to design new plants that incorporate CCS technology. The second is how to retrofit existing plants to capture CO2. Both design challenges can benefit from an optimization approach, which considers the application of multiple potential technologies and analyzes ways in which the whole plant-wide system can be integrated to increase overall efficiency.
This paper will present a modular framework for the analysis and optimization of power generation systems with CCS that helps to meet these design challenges. In order to more completely understand the economic and operational tradeoffs associated with the various potential carbon capture technologies, and how they can be applied to new and existing plants, a unified, systemic framework has been developed to provide a common basis for evaluation. Given the complexity of the design problem and the fact that new technologies are continually being developed, this framework is modular in nature and incorporates algorithms for the selection, integration and optimization of carbon capture technologies for both new and existing plants. In addition to the framework itself, this paper discusses simulation modules representing various capture technologies and power plant components.
The framework provides the means to link the various modules together in order to provide a holistic, systems perspective of plant wide operations. Results of analyses and optimization scenarios performed with the framework are also presented.