CFD optimization for GDI spray model tuning and enhancement of engine performance

Coupling a 3D Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) tool with a rigorous method of decision making is becoming indispensable in the design process of complex systems, as internal combustion engines. CFD based optimization (CFD-O) is here carried out on a single cylinder, four-valve, four-stroke gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine, to enhance mixture formation under stratified charge operation, hence to choose between the single or double injection strategy maximizing the engine power output.