Traumatic rupture of the aorta (TRA) remains the second most common cause of death associated with motor vehicle crashes after brain injury. On an average, nearly 8,000 people die annually in the United States due to blunt injury to the aorta. It is observed that more than 80% of occupants who suffer an aortic injury die at the scene due to exsanguination into the chest. With the advent of more accurate and established human body finite element (FE) models, FE crash reconstruction methods may become a valuable tool when assessing crash scenarios and occupant injury mechanisms. The current study is divided into five main aims, near side left lateral real world finite element reconstructions, sensitivity study, thresholds for TRA, aorta mechanics in racing crashes and conceptual countermeasures. In the first study eight nearside left lateral impacts, in which a TRA occurred, were reconstructed using a combination of real world crash data reported in the Crash Injury Research and Engineering.